CAP After 2021: Farmers will receive direct subsidies if they voluntary release arable land for biodiversity projects


Farmers will be able to engage in an eco-scheme under the first pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy and exempt part of their land from cultivation so as it could serve to protect biodiversity. Under the eco-scheme in the second pillar of the CAP, farmers will be able to receive compensation for reducing pesticide use.

The above-mentioned policies are part of the new eco-schemes, enshrined in the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy for the period 2021-2027, points out the Commissioner-designate Janusz Wojciechowski in a written answer in reply to questions from MEPs in the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development in the European Parliament. “I want to do everything needed so that farmers can receive support in order to apply better crop rotation and proper land treatment management, to trap more carbon in the soil, thereby increase the ability of arable land to store carbon. “, says Wojciechowski.

‘Agriculture is the only sector with increasing emissions of air pollutants and the only source of air pollution that is not currently directly regulated. We should help farmers to reduce these emissions. They may use investment support to increase the efficiency of their storage or irrigation systems, or to move towards precise or organic farming. “, points out Mr Wojciechowski. The Commission’s proposals for a CAP reform, delegates to the Member States the responsibility for defining a strategy to tackle climate change or any other challenge, thus enabling them to adapt the way CAP is used in accordance to the specific conditions. However, they will be guided by common objectives, common basic standards, common types of actions financed and common indicators. In addition, when evaluating individual CAP strategic plans, the Commission will only approve them if they are fit for the specific purposes and able to address the challenges. The ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the strategic plans under the CAP will also help to detect possible problems during the implementation period, explains Mr Wojciechowski.